Types of LD
Learning Disabilities take so many forms, and vary in intensity so much, that it is not simple to list them all, but there are some broad categories which they all fall into:
LDs that Affect Organization & Focus:
A series of executive functions allow us to do things like plan, predict, organize and focus. LDs that interfere with these things can interfere with how we manage our lives and physical space. ADHD, which does affect executive functions, is coming to be seen as an LD because of this.
LDs that Affect Social Life:
We learn how to be socially successfully, even though we don’t notice that we’re learning. So LDs that make it difficult to interpret facial expressions, body language, or tones of voice can have a real impact on a person’s social life.
LDs that Affect Physical Interaction with the World:
Again, without knowing, we are constantly receiving information about our surroundings and about our bodies: our balance, coordination and movement are all based on this information. So an LD that interferes with how we understand that information can cause a person to be uncoordinated or “clumsy.”
LDs that Affect Academics:
Difficulties with spelling, reading, listening, focusing, remembering and writing can all have an impact on all areas of school-subjects.